"define UNIVERSE and give two examples"       Barton E Dahneke


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For thermal diffusion and thermophoresis, see Appendix F.

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<a href="Contents.pdf">Contents</a> iv Define Universe and Give Two Examples Contents Preface vii Book I: Perception of Reality 1 1. Introduction – Where Are We? Where or Who Do We Want To Be? 3 Recognizing Confusion in a Broad Spectrum of Human Thought; Agents in Search of Truth; Purpose and Practice of Philosophy; A Straw-person Philosopher; Good Philosophy; Hard and Soft Science; Connection, Pattern, and Organization among the Facts; Facts: the Basic Elements of Knowledge, Understanding, and Meaning; Commitment and Meaning – C. S. Lewis; Preview of Topics Considered in this Book; Purpose and Fulfillment in Life; So What?; Notes and References for Chapter 1. 2. The Facts and Nothing But the Facts 31 Preferred Paradigm Provides Proper Picture; Learning from the Unexpected, Strange, and Nonsensical: Roentgen’s Discovery of X-rays; Lewis’ Process of Transposition; Material-Universe and Total-Universe Facts; Meaning and its Value; Enter Science, Exit Meaning?; Danger in Comtist and Christian Dogmas; Filtering or Coloring the Facts; A Second Danger of Materialism; Notes and References for Chapter 2. 3. Culture, Values, and Meaning 53 Cultural Influence of Euclid’s Elements; Origins of Non-Euclidian Geometry; Discoveries of Gauss, Lobachevski, and Bolyai; Further Discoveries of Riemann and Beltrami; Non-Euclidian Geometry in Physics; Values – A Prescription for Acquiring Comprehension of Meaning; Connection and Belonging; Notes and References for Chapter 3. 4. Inherent Subjectivity 73 Subjectivity – What are the Real Length, Time Interval, and Mass?; Correct Theoretical Prejudices – Getting the Right Results; Objectivity: Merely Common Subjectivity; Material or Mental?; What is a Particle?; Notes and References for Chapter 4. Book II: Material-Universe Science 89 5. A Model or Paradigm for Science 91 A Scientific Paradigm (Model); Trouble in Scientific Paradise; More Trouble in Scientific Paradise; Where do We go from Here?; Notes and References for Chapter 5. 6. Copernicus, Kepler, Galileo – Scientific Revolution 103 Aristotelian and Medieval-Church Philosophy; Copernicus: Dawn of a New Age; Kepler; Galileo; Galileo’s Telescope; Dialogue on Two World Systems; Galileo before the Inquisition; Rolling Balls and Falling Bodies; Scientific Revolution and Religious Reformation; Notes and References for Chapter 6. 7. Science and the Search for Truth: Isaac Newton 129 Salviati, Sagredo, and Simplicio on the Discovery Process; Personal Qualities and Discovery; Young Newton; Newton at Cambridge; The Calculus; Musing on Gravitation; Newton’s Bible Studies; Newton, Halley, and the Principia; Newton’s Laws of Motion and Universal Gravitation; Notes and References for Chapter 7. 8. Science and the Search for Truth: Albert Einstein 157 Albert Einstein; Einstein’s 1905 Papers; Special Relativity; General Relativity; Schwarzschild’s Solution of the Einstein Field Equation#; Evidence for and against Relativity; Notes and References for Chapter 8. Define Universe and Give Two Examples v 9. Science and the Search for Truth: Quantum Mechanics 191 Hertz and the Discovery of the Photoelectric Effect; Planck’s Theory of Black-Body Radiation; Einstein and the Photoelectric Effect; Bohr’s Atom, Matter Waves, and Quantum Mechanicspart #; Quantum Electrodynamics; A Theory of Everything?; Notes and References for Chapter 9. 10. Faith and Its Essential Role in Science 219 Proof in Science and Mathematics; The Gödel and Löwenheim-Skolem Theorems; Inherent Uncertainty in Mathematics; Inherent Uncertainty in Science; Thermodynamics: Prototype of a Good Theory; A Philosophy without Faith?; Interpretations of Quantum Mechanics; Interpretation of Interpretations; EPR; Bell’s Theorempart #; Crisis?; Notes and References for Chapter 10. 11. Psychology, Free Will, and Agency 263 Psychology and Psychiatry; Biblical Insights into the Unconscious Self; Materialist Visions of Mind and Body; Dilemmas in Materialist Psychology; Determinism versus Free Will; Discovering Deity; Agents Free to Find, Follow, and Create Truth; A Holistic View; Notes and References for Chapter 11. Book III: Total-Universe Christianity 287 12. A Model or Paradigm for Christianity 289 The Greatest Philosopher; Candidate Christian Paradigms (Models); The Best Christian Paradigm (Model); Some Background on the Doctrine of Christ; The Doctrine of Christ; Scope and Power of the Doctrine of Christ; Lessons Taught on the Day of Pentecost; The Beginning of Truth; The End of Truth; Notes and References for Chapter 12. 13. Escaping Paradigm Paralysis 313 Partially Informed Christians; Partially Informed Scientists; Perspicacious Probing of Paradigm; Scientific Theory and Vision of Reality; Too Tightly Tethered to Technical Tasks; Paradigm Paralysis; Description versus Explanation; A Hypothetical Gravity Mechanism; Neutrinos – A Digression; Hypothetical Gravity Mechanism – Continued; Knowledge versus Understanding; Escaping Paradigm Paralysis; Who, What, and Why versus How; Who, What, and Why by Fire and the Holy Ghost; Notes and References for Chapter 13. 14. Each of Us Versus the Universe 351 Defeating the Universe by Learning and Living Truth; Knowledge with and without Help from Omniscience; The Real Champion; A Strong Philosophy versus a Weak Philosophy; Beyond Belief; A Critical Analysis of Religion; Close, but no Cigar!; A Foundation of Sand; Guidance from God; Notes and References for Chapter 14. 15. Right, Wrong, and Other Absolutes 383 God and the Absolute; Christian Catastrophe; Reformation and Restoration; Preface to the Doctrine and Covenants; What, Exactly, was Restored in the Restoration?; Wouldn’t the Enemy try to Thwart a Restoration?; Opposition is Required; My own Experience as a Christian; The Heavenly Order; Further Implications of the “Enemy Territory” Concept; Notes and References for Chapter 15. 16. Follow The Light 427 Scientific Evidence; Christian Evidence; An Inadequate Truth Criterion; An Adequate Truth Criterion; Vision of Absolute-level Terrain; Inadequate Illumination in Induction; Pilgrimages in Search of Truth; A Modified Scientific Method; Obstacles to Accepting the Doctrine of Christ; A Meaning-rich Paradigm; Notes and References for Chapter 16. vi Define Universe and Give Two Examples 17. Meaning 451 Scope of Consideration; Summary of Properties of Science and Christianity; Meaning in Science; Meaning in the Doctrine of Christ; Notes and References for Chapter 17. 18. Manifestation of Meaning 475 David W. Patten; Conversion; Albert J. and Catherine Petty; Far West; Martyrdom of a Prophet; From Nauvoo through Iowa to Nebraska; On to a Brief Stay in the Salt Lake Valley; Settling the Wild Country of Sanpete; The Dixie Cotton Mission: the Final Segment of Albert’s and Catherine’s Mortal Journey; Perspective; Legacy; Truth and Meaning; Notes and References for Chapter 18. 19. Retrospection 495 Looking Back – A Summary of Principles Considered in this Book; What is the Conclusion?; I am a Mortal; Final Notes; Notes and References for Chapter 19. Appendices 511 A. An Examination of Use of the Scientific Method 513 B. Summaries of Equations for Length in (1) Euclidian Geometry, 529 (2) Special Relativity, (3) Riemann’s Differential Geometry, and (4) General Relativity# C. The Metaphysics of Immanuel Kant 539 D. Near-Newtonian Gravity and Retarded-Gravity Force# 543 E. Quantum Field Theory of Electrostatic Proton-Proton Repulsion# 565 F. Thermodynamics, Statistical Mechanics, and Kinetic Theory# 567 G. Derivation of a Simple Bell’s Theorem# 587 H. Excerpts from the 1838 “First Vision” Account of Joseph Smith, Jr. 591 I. Book of Mormon Passages that indicate the Bible, Traditional 597 Christianity, and other Religions are Corrupted J. Estimate of the Number of Human Inhabitants of the Earthpart # 605 K. The Doctrine of Christ 609 L. A Few Scriptures and their Implications 613 Regarding Evolution of Humans M. Propositions Listed and Supported in the Text 615 Index 617 _________________________________________ # indicates this section is science-and-math intensive. part # indicates this section is partially science-and-math intensive.